Revision Guide: What is Fiction?

Welcome to Part One of our Revision Guide for IGCSE & GCSE English Language.What is Fiction? Fiction is a creative text which explores the world of the imagination. Fiction text is packed with largely imaginary characters, settings & plots. Fiction text uses many literary devices. Jane Austen, John Steinbeck, Thomas Hardy, Zadie Smith, Suzanne Collins & George Orwell are all famous writers of fiction.


The 3 main types of fiction are: prose, poetry & drama. For GCSE/IGCSE English Language you only need to study prose.There are 4 main types of prose: flash fiction, short stories, novellas & novels.


Flash fiction is the shortest form of prose. The text is usually only a few hundred words long. The text can be mysterious & cryptic. Ernest Hemingway wrote some Flash Fiction.

Short stories are usually only a few thousand words long, with no chapters, a single setting & plot. Alice Munro, P.G.Woodhouse, Rabindranath Tagore, Daphne du Maurier & Thomas Hardy have all written good short stories.

Novellas are longer than a short story, but not as long as a novel. They have a single plot & occasionally have chapters. Charles Dickens, John Steinbeck, Joseph Conrad & George Orwell have all used this type of fiction.

The Novel has more than one main plot, several main characters & is usually divided into chapters. The Bronte Sisters, George Eliot, Thomas Hardy, Zadie Smith and Mary Shelley have all written novels.


Test Preparation Tips: Start Preparing now. Start EARLY & avoid the PANIC. Read as much as you can. Read a variety of fiction texts.

READ READ READ & READ some more!

When reading ask yourself these questions:

Do I like this?

What do I like about this?

Why do I like it?

How does it make me feel?

Read short stories aloud with friends. Have some fun!


Recommended Reading:

Animal Farm by George Orwell

The Runaway by Alice Munro Interpreter of Maladies by Jhumpa Lahiri

That Glimpse of Truth edited by David Miller

The Thing Around your Neck by Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie


In Part Two we will look at literary devices.



Please contact us if you have any questions or would like to book a lesson with us.

Thank you for reading. See you soon.

#Revision #RevisionGuide #LiteraryTerms

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